Pocket Guide to Public Sector Arbitration: California (5th ed., 2019)


By Bonnie G. Bogue, Frank Silver and Katherine Thomson
5th edition, 2019

392 in stock


CPER’s Pocket Guide to Public Sector Arbitration is the readable yet comprehensive guide to everything you need to know about public sector arbitration.

The fifth edition covers all new cases and statute changes in the four years since the book was last published. Revised content makes this Guide an even better aid for busy practitioners.

This guide:

  1. explains the procedures and principles that apply to both grievance arbitration and interest arbitration, including the standards that arbitrators use in deciding cases; and examines the courts’ treatment of final and binding arbitration.
  2. looks at arbitrators, themselves – their backgrounds, how they gain admission to rosters of arbitration agencies, constraints on their authority, and how parties make a selection.
  3. discusses the history and legal development of arbitration, from its private sector origins in the 1940s through its California public sector acceptance since the 1960s.
  4. includes for convenient reference the text of the California Arbitration Act, a list of the many court cases that are addressed in the text and in footnotes, and a bibliography of leading reference books.

About the Authors
Bonnie Bogue, coauthor of all editions of this guide, began arbitrating in 1977. A member of the National Academy of Arbitrators since 1991, she has served as vice president and on its board. She is a member of the College of Labor and Employment Lawyers. Formerly director of the CPER Program, she edited and contributed to CPER Journal from 1970 until 1994, and has coauthored other titles in CPER’s Pocket Guide Series, including Pocket Guide to Just Cause: Discipline and Discharge Arbitration.

Frank Silver, coauthor of the first three editions of this guide, has been an arbitrator, mediator and factfinder since 1987. Prior to that, he was in private practice as a labor lawyer, and served as an administrative law judge with the Public Employment Relations Board. He is a member of the National Academy of Arbitrators.

Katherine Thomson, coauthor of this fourth edition, has been arbitrating, mediating, and factfinding since 1997, and a member of the National Academy of Arbitrators since 2007. She was cochair of CPER from 2010-13, and editor of CPER Journal from 2011-13. Prior to her neutral career, she was an attorney in private practice. She is coauthor of Pocket Guide to Just Cause: Discipline and Discharge Arbitration.

Table of Contents


I. What Is Arbitration? 1
    A. Origins of Labor Arbitration 1
    B. Who Are the Arbitrators? 2
    C. Origins of California Public Sector Arbitration 4
    D. Types of Arbitration and Other Dispute Resolution Methods 6
            Grievance arbitration vs. interest arbitration and factfinding 6
            Grievance or rights arbitration 7
            Interest arbitration 7
            Factfinding 7
            Binding vs. advisory grievance arbitration 7
            Arbitration vs. mediation 8
                Arbitration 8
                Mediation 9
                Med-arb 9
                Employment arbitration 10
                References 10
II. Grievance Arbitration Procedures 11
    A. Types of Grievances 11
            Disciplinary grievances 11
            Contract interpretation grievances 11
            Group grievances 12
    B. Steps of the Grievance Procedure 12
    C. Processing the Grievance 13
            Filing the grievance 13
            Time limits 13
            Proceeding to arbitration 14
            Duty of fair representation 14
    D. Arbitrability: Procedural and Substantive 15
            Arbitrability determinations by arbitrators 15
            Procedural arbitrability issues 16
            Substantive arbitrability issues 17
    E. Costs of Arbitration 18
            Arbitration fees 19
    F. Selecting an Arbitrator 19
            Finding an arbitrator 19
            Researching an arbitrator 20
            Disclosures and ethical obligations 21
    G . Setting the Arbitration Hearing 22
            Pre-hearing contact with arbitrator 22
            Date and location 23
            Cancellations and postponements 23
    H. Pre-Hearing Procedures 23
            Pre-Hearing discovery 23
            Subpoenas 25
            Pre-hearing briefs 25
            Pre-hearing conference 26
    I. The Hearing 26
            Types of hearings 27
            Official record 27
            Order of the hearing 27
            Statement of the issue 28
Retention of jurisdiction over remedy 29
            Opening statements 30
            Burden of proof 30
            Quantum of proof 30
            Documentary evidence 31
            Witnesses 31
            Grievant as a witness 32
            Expert witness 33
            Absent witnesses 33
            Preparing witnesses 34
            Taking the oath 34
            Sequestration of witnesses 35
            Witness testimony 35
            Direct examination 36
            Cross-examination 37
    J. Rules of Evidence 38
            Objections 39
            Improper or non-responsive answers 39
            Relevance 40
            Direct and circumstantial evidence 40
            Hearsay 40
            Non-hearsay statements 42
            Opinions 43
            Privileged communications 43
            Attorney-client privilege 44
            Mediator privilege 44
            Offers of settlement 45
            Objections to form of question 45
    K. Closing Arguments and Briefs 48
            Oral closing arguments 48
            Post-hearing briefs 49
            Filing briefs 49
    L. The Award 50
            Time limits 50
            Issuing the award 50
            Finality of the award 51
    M. References 52
III. Grievance Arbitration Standards 53
    A. Discipline and Discharge Standards 53
            Just cause 53
            Procedural principles of just cause 54
            Substantive principles of just cause 61
            Just cause and “external law” 63
    B. Remedies in Discipline Cases 66
            Make-whole remedy 67
            Back pay and benefits 68
            Other remedies 69
            Retaining jurisdiction over the remedy 70
    C. Contract Interpretation Grievances 70
            Rules of contract interpretation 71
    D. Remedies in Contract Interpretation Cases 78
            Monetary remedies 78
            Attorney’s fees 79
            Interest 79
            Equitable relief 79
    E. References 79
IV. PERB and Grievance Arbitration 81
    A. Deferral Principles 81
    B. Pre-Arbitration Deferral 82
    C. Post-Arbitration Deferral 85
    D. Equitable Tolling 86
    E. References 87
V. Courts and Grievance Arbitration 88
    A Introduction 88
    B. Petitions to Compel Arbitration 89
            General standards 89
            Grounds for compelling arbitration 90
            Waiver of the right to arbitrate 92
    C. Petitions to Confirm or Vacate Arbitration Awards 93
            General standards 93
            Arbitrator’s remedial authority 97
    D. Effect of Arbitration Provisions on Lawsuits 99
            Employer petitions to compel arbitration 99
            Preclusive effect of arbitration awards in litigation 100
    E. References 101
VI. Interest Arbitration and Factfinding 102
    A. Introduction 102
    B. Factfinding Procedures Administered by PERB 103
            Preliminary procedures under EERA and HEERA 104
            Preliminary procedures under MMBA and IHSSEERA 105
            Hearing procedures 106
            Post-hearing procedures 106
            Factfinder’s report 107
    C. Impasse Resolution in Public Transit 107
    D. Impasse Resolution in Charter Cities and Counties 108
    E. Interest Arbitration 109
            Standard interest arbitration 110
            Final-offer interest arbitration 110
            Med-arb 111
            Tripartite arbitration 111
    F. Factfinding and Interest Arbitration Criteria 111
            Employer’s ability to pay 112
            External salary and benefit comparisons 113
            Recruitment and retention 114
            Cost-of-living increases 114
            Past practice and negotiating history 114
    G. References 115
VII. Table of Cases 116
VIII. Bibliography 128
IX. Appendix 132
            California Arbitration Act 132
X. Index 146

Additional information

Weight 0.625 lbs
Dimensions 10 × 6 × 0.5 in